Kayakessential gear
该author takes in a sunset from a kayak; photo credit: Daniel Deemer

皮划艇初学者: An Essential Checklist

This is the gear you need to start kayaking.

人们开始皮划艇不同的原因对于体质,心理健康,钓鱼,或参加谁拥有皮艇的朋友。而有些人可以享用的运动,leg strength or mobility is not required

我们在这里帮助你导航皮划艇初学者的令人兴奋的世界。在这篇文章中,我们专注于皮划艇静水 - 主要湖泊。

本指南重点介绍项目带来皮划艇,不会下潜深成水的安全,这是经验的关键。我们建议您第一次发射前进一步教育自己,无论是从一个指南,朋友或其他在线资源。

Download Printable Checklist

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该Essential Kayaking Checklist for Beginners

Kayak

Asit-on-top kayak是一个真正的初学者的最佳选择。一般情况下,他们更实惠,更平衡和坚固的在水面上。他们也更容易爬回去到落入水中后。

然而,他们可以更重,体积更大,更慢。垂钓皮艇are commonly sit-on-top style.

OldTown AutoPilot pedal kayak

A静坐内皮艇用于静止水和海洋皮划艇通常被称为“巡回”皮艇,但它也涉及在较短的长度,称为“娱乐”皮艇。这些船有使用喷雾裙子的选择。

A旅游皮艇是通常更长(提高稳定性和滑行),更薄的宽度(拥抱更靠近身体),并提出了轻质材料。这些皮艇更具挑战性和缩小来获得,甚至在岸上。如果翻倒,而在水面上,找回里面是杂技艺术形式。

也有inflatable kayaks,nesting kayaks, andfolding kayaks(你可以穿像一个背包)。如果你的首要任务是运输方便而且能够根据需要加息到发射点,一定要检查出这些新的设计之一。

该re are双人皮艇,提供e two seats in one boat for two-person excursions. They come in both sit-on-top and sit-inside models. There are even inflatable tandem kayaks.

Choosing a Kayak

无论是风格,你的皮艇应该适合你的身体形状,大小和重量。如果可能的话,测试出皮艇之前购买或检验出可比皮艇(相同的样式,长度,重量等)。

租金或做向导的独木舟游大多数Outfitters的让客户“试驾”皮艇。他们中许多人也将出售用船。如果这皮艇独奏使用,目标是觉得你的皮艇是为你,你觉得一个同船。

该most important consideration is whether you’ll be kayaking solo, or if there will always be someone around to assist in transporting the vessel to the water. Before purchasing a kayak, plan for how to get the boat from point A to point B, and for you to get inside the kayak and paddle out on the water.

车辆架/运输

除非存储在水体的岸边你的船,从你家运输皮艇湖泊或海洋是至关重要的。由于是与滑雪和骑自行车的情况下,这通常需要车辆机架上。vwin徳赢网

Do you have crossbars on your vehicle already? That will be the first necessary item. Next, choose the type of carrier. This depends on vehicle type, whether or not the adventure is solo, and, of course, your budget.

我们最喜欢的车顶架在售现
我们最喜欢的车顶架在售现

亚基马和拓乐机架用于携带自行车,滑雪板,皮划艇的黄金标准,基本上任何你需要为户外探险。而这两个品牌都到货了!阅读更多…

为了能够在任何时候对我自己的皮艇,我是手工卷制的风扇(例如,Yakima HandRoll Kayak Rack Mounts)。我有一个野营车壳和横杆,在那里我可以勉强到达屋顶上的四轮驱动车。

该se rollers allow me to lean my kayak against the truck, pick up the back end, and push the whole vessel along the rollers. These are on the back, and I opt for the亚基马水手独木舟机架式on the front both for stability and because the kayak easily slides across these as well.

大多数流行的机架安装的是某种形式的J-巴(例如,Yakima JayHook)。这些都将若干水上船只的好处 - 除了皮艇 - 冲浪板,独木舟和SUPS(站立paddleboards)。

不过,我不建议时,他们装卸皮艇独奏,尤其是在车辆的车顶是非常高或船尤重。

该most affordable option is皮艇泡沫块。如果你想获得零碎和少担心对您的车辆划痕,干脆买浮水,他们按尺寸切割,并用拉链领带或胶带保持它连接到车辆的横杆。

Ropes & Ratchet Straps

为了保持连接到你的选择,使用系紧紧带的机架皮艇。大多数机架配有带,但它们通常不是作为高品质和安全的好醇”棘轮带。

Lastly, if you can’t carry the kayak from the vehicle to the water, use a kayak cart. Pay attention to the weight capacity and the type of tires to choose the right cart for your vessel.

Paddle

A kayak paddle is one long stem, with a paddle on each end. They’re made from different materials, most are collapsible into two pieces, and some are specificfishing paddles。Paddles also come in various lengths and should be chosen based on your height.

用于轴的三个主要材料选择是铝,玻璃纤维或碳纤维(为了从最重最轻到)。的叶片也将是不同的材料,典型地依赖于轴材料(塑料,玻璃纤维,尼龙等)。

对于独木舟钓鱼最佳桨?试试其中一个四
对于独木舟钓鱼最佳桨?试试其中一个四

你在市场上一个新的桨,让你进入一个未知的领域?我们采取了桨的这篇综述垂钓者在麦迪逊河在蒙大拿州一个基于河流测试。阅读更多…

对于初学者皮艇谁将会缺阵的乐趣,无论是最经济实惠的罚款。用于长途旅行或者在快速夹移动时体质,我建议与把手碳纤维。

桨可以匹配或羽毛状。匹配意味着叶片放置以相同的角度彼此和水。羽毛的手段叶片是在略微不同的角度彼此和水。大多数桨皮划艇运动员允许选择划动的类型,以及根据什么感觉最舒适的角度。

其他功能 - 如转轴的设计与叶片的大小,形状和角度 - 在皮划艇初学者较少有关。您还可以选择一个焊盘,分解成四块,方便储存,如果你选择获得一个充气,筑巢,或背包皮艇。

Kayak的安全钳

PFD /救生衣

All bodies of water require each person to have a personal flotation device (PFD/life vest) per person on a boat. Usually, you’re not required to wear the vest while paddling. However, my recommendation for beginner kayakers is to wear your PFD at all times, especially when getting to know your boat or while on an unfamiliar body of water.

幸运的是,今天的工艺流程图是要比那些昔日的更加舒适和乐趣。有迹象表明,允许在胸部更多的空间,甚至皮划艇特定的工艺流程图,让更多的范围内绕臂运动,以及女性专用PFD上。

舱底泵

如果你有一个静坐内皮艇,得到bilge pump。如果你得到显著量的水你的容器内或它翻转过来,这是一个必要的安全工具。可能(希望),你不会经常使用它,但始终保持密切的,尤其是在长或隔夜游览。

Also, a bilge pump can be used when drying and cleaning out the kayak on shore before storing it for the next trip. NRS offers a旅游安全套件, which includes a bilge pump and a few more items listed below.

海绵

A船海绵will help remove small amounts of water from the boat, as well as pieces of grit, sand, and dirt the bilge pump can’t reach. Keep the boat clean and dry between launches. This is especially important if launching in different bodies of water, if these waters are in national parks, or your boat is undergoing amussel inspection

A sponge can also be used during your paddle to keep your feet or bum from getting soaked if you do have small amounts of water inside your boat.

Whistle

另一个项目,你应该总是有你,但是希望不是需要,是一个。A whistle can be used to call for help in case of an emergency. Sounds on the water often either echo out on the water or are muffled, and it may be surprisingly hard to see someone who seems close in proximity.

If you tipped over, have an injury, or any other emergency, a whistle may get you the help you need, as your voice may not carry as far.

Paddle Leash

While kayaking, pause to enjoy the scenery around you. Maybe relish a sip of coffee or lazily hold onto your fishing rod and line. To prevent paddles from floating away while you revel in nature’s beauty, use apaddle leash。这也是一个巨大的帮助和你的皮艇的获得时,特别是对于驾驶舱皮艇。

水瓶/膀胱

Like any other outdoor activity, you must have water with you. On a kayak, it can get lost in the large body of water you float on. Ensure that your drinking water is both easily accessible and attached to your body or something on the boat.

水电瓶高达50%的折扣,现在
水电瓶高达50%的折扣,现在

水电瓶使得一些伟大的产品。现在你可以在疯狂打折取得一些。看看在当前的水电瓶出售这些伟大的交易。阅读更多…

For a kayak, I would recommend a water container that is a flexible pouch, rather than hard, so that it can lay flat and not roll around. TheHydraPak斯托is a secure and sturdy pouch that comes in different volumes, with a loop that attaches to a carabiner to then attached to your boat or your PFD.

太阳镜和帽子

We all have our favorite types and brands of these go-to sun protection items. While kayaking, keep the wind and the possibility of falling in the water at the front of your mind.

在你在水中下降的情况下,一定要带一个连接到你的太阳镜或获得浮动太阳镜。CroakiesandChumsare the go-to brands for sunglasses straps that also float.

I find the straps with flotation to be bulky and uncomfortable. And the蓝本,如果安全地把我的头,使我的prescription sunglasses on, even when I jump off a rock along the shore.

If you have long hair, especially curly, be careful when securing. Hair gets snagged, but it’s worth it if you care about your shades.

该Bomber Brand sunglasses have a variety of stylish designs that all use patented floating technology and are popular among boaters. There are other brands out there, but I’ve personally seen these in action, and they indeed stay afloat.

Keep your hat attached in high wind. Get a hat with a drawstring and a 360-degree brim, like this quick-drying and lightweightPatagonia Baggies Brimmer Hat。Or get a stretchy hat that can secure snugly to your head more than a standard trucker hat, like theseOutdoor Research sun hatsor巴塔哥尼亚的鸭嘴帽卡车司机

专家提示:如果你有长头发,把你的马尾辫或小面包通过您的CAP的孔,这样,如果它吹掉,你的头发会抓住它!

水-Friendly Items

水proof Case for Phone

LifeProof FRE Seriesis available to both iPhone and Samsung users. Make sure to choose the right brand and model of phone for the case.

我住在雪为一年半,并在湖泊或背包,另一半我皮艇。我的手机没有采取全潜入水体还,但它已经被溅和被白雪覆盖,至今仍未受到影响。此外,LifeProof拥有一个梦幻般的保证

If you already have a case and want to save money, get a waterproof pouch or a hard case. Or place your phone with other items in a dry bag.

Dry Bag

一个优质干袋是在水面上超好用。我已经使用了相同的Osprey 6L Dry Bag现在每个冒险约5年,里面什么也没有曾经得到湿。

它的重量轻,可压缩,甚至有点弹性的。这允许你把一些项目在一天桨或收拾紧装满衣服的一晚。

水Shoes/Sandals

Unless you’re paddling during cold, winter-like weather, the best footwear is something made to get wet. I don’t recommend going barefoot because it will make walking onto most shores challenging and unsafe. Instead, wear the same comfortable shoe from your vehicle to the launch point and back.

My personal favorites are the喜欢威尼斯凉鞋or the敏锐的纽波特H2凉鞋。(We linked the women’s models here, but they also come in men’s and kids’ sizes).

他们是舒适,足以在加息和仍然轻巧。他们也有一个保护脚趾区,这是人谁可以从岩石海岸推出的本质特征。

Swimsuit

初学者皮艇是共患难的健儿,让泳衣往往是这个职位的最好的衣服。穿上最舒适的一个你,一个干得很快干燥,保持一切就绪,并允许运动在你怀里的最佳范围。

I often wear my swimsuit with a long-sleeve hiking shirt, like the海丽汉森主动船员or a lightweight, wicking button-up, to cover my shoulders and make it more comfortable to wear my PFD.

雨衣

当皮划艇,降水和飞溅总是存在的。防水性或耐水外套是一件装备,可以使你的桨,更通过保持你干过瘾。

MyMarmot Minimalist Jacket使我干,同时通过在新西兰海洋风暴皮划艇,让我感冒了,在太浩湖大风天期间享受我的桨。甲雨外套也优异风衣。

确保你购买一个带有拉链腋下,这样就可以保持干爽和温暖,而且通风良好。

其他皮划艇齿轮

营椅

一些我喜欢的皮艇的记忆是,当我收拾跨湖午餐和我的背包的椅子和桨。该REI Co-Op Flexlite Camp Chairfolds down to the size of a small loaf of bread. If you have a storage compartment, it will easily fit inside.

Towel

Of course, you can use a regular towel, but a quick-dry towel can be stowed on your boat or vehicle in a dry bag, ready for the next adventure without creating that musty smell. A regular tower can also be used in drying off your kayak.

衣服的干变

If you get significantly wet and want to enjoy a cozy ride home, I suggest having dry, warm clothes to change into, waiting in your vehicle. Pack a hoodie, sweatpants, and maybe warm socks andCrocs

Or if it’s a stifling-hot summer day, wrap up in your towel and hit the road.

手机应用程序为水,启动点的机构

When I first began kayaking, and while I was on a road trip, using an app was instrumental. It helped me find nearby still water and the best launch points (especially the free ones). But if you plan to paddle in just one or two local bodies of water, this is not necessary.

Go Paddling很简单,将帮助您找到附近的桨的最佳场所。它包括在发射点处提供的设施,以及它是否是免费或付费的细节。它同时适用于iPhone和Android。

Phone App for Weather

切勿前往你的启动点检查之前天气。最喜欢的户外探险,这是对话的常见话题。

对于划动,你的主要重点是风。在皮划艇对于初学者来说,只有在温暖的天气,你会感觉很舒服飘落在水中,会享受它出去。

Wundergroundphone app allows you to choose specific weather stations nearest to your launch point and provides hour-to-hour wind changes. It also has the option to view a map, with radar, if you’re choosing between a few nearby options.

最后,如果你要的日出和日落的通常平静的时期,通常看到的人少了,少风,这些时间,为每个特定的一天,都包含在应用程序。

皮划艇初学者

Don’t let our essential checklist or the details here overwhelm you. We’re providing comprehensive information for your safety and ease.

After a few trips, and after getting to know your boat and your local body of water, you may take your kayak out with only your paddle and PFD, knowing it will be a short, safe, relaxing trip. Or, you might want to step up your game and learn more about overnight kayaking.

更妙的是,也许你想分享你的知识皮艇和一个朋友你的船只,并教给他们皮划艇初学者的绳索。无论哪种方式,我们希望您发现本指南非常有用,并很高兴能浏览这个新的冒险与您合作!

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